What is Provigil and how is it used?
Provigil is a wake-promoting medicine that helps you stay awake and aware. It’s available as a racemic mixture of the active isomers R- and S-enantiomers. It has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to cure narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder (SWSD), and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Doctors, on the other hand, routinely prescribe this prescription off-label to relieve depression, weight loss, jet lag, ADHD, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and other ailments. Modafinil is currently extensively used by healthy individuals from all areas of life as a potent cognitive and productivity booster, despite its origins as a medical treatment. When used correctly, it is quite safe and useful for the majority of people.
Provigil is a prescribed drug utilized to address the symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and shift work sleep disorder, which induce excessive drowsiness. Provigil can be taken alone or in combination with other drugs.
Provigil belongs to the Stimulants, CYP3AF Inducers which are a moderate class of medicines.
Provigil’s safety and effectiveness in youngsters are unknown.
How is it used?
If you are a narcolepsy patient, consume medicine by mouth, with or without food, once daily in the morning, as instructed by your doctor. If your doctor recommends it, the complete daily dose of modafinil can be split into two doses, one in the morning and one in the afternoon.
For obstructive sleep apnea take it with or without food, as advised by your doctor, generally once daily in the morning. Continue to use your current therapies until your doctor tells you to stop (such as a CPAP machine or a mouth device).
If you’re taking Provigil for shift work sleep problems, consume it once a day, with or without meals, one hour before your shift begins, or as advised by your doctor. Your medical condition and treatment response decide the dosage.
You may get withdrawal symptoms if you completely stop using this drug (such as shaking, sweating, chills, nausea, vomiting, confusion). You’re more prone to have withdrawal symptoms if you’ve been using modafinil for a long time or in heavy doses. Contact your doctor or pharmacist right away if you’re experiencing withdrawal symptoms.
Regardless of the fact that this drug aids a vast number of people, it also has the potential to cause addiction. Your risk may be enhanced if you have a substance use problem (such as abuse or addiction to drugs/alcohol). Take this drug exactly as advised to decrease the risk of addiction. Consult your doctor for more instructions.
Uses of Provigil
Provigil is an anti-sleep medicine used to treat narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder, and obstructive sleep apnea.
It reduces narcolepsy and other sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea, which produce excessive tiredness.
It may act by raising dopamine (a chemical neurotransmitter that allows nerves to connect with one another) levels in the brain while lowering dopamine absorption in neurons.
Side effects of Provigil
There are many Side Effects of Provigil (Modafinil) but most of them can be negligible and does not cause adverse effect on our body. There are some common and serious side effects which will be discussed further.
Common side effects include:
- feelings of nervousness
- dry mouth
- runny nose
- back pain
- chest pain
- loss of appetite
- upset stomach
- trouble sleeping
Serious side effects include:
- easy bruising or bleeding,
- chest pain,
- fast/pounding/irregular heartbeat, or
- mental/emotional shifts (such as confusion, depression, hallucinations, rare thoughts of suicide).
Warnings to consider while using Provigil
If you’ve ever had an allergic reaction or modafinil side effects skin rash while using modafinil or armodafinil, you shouldn’t use this medication.
Tell your doctor if you have any of the following conditions to ensure that modafinil is safe for you:
- angina pectoris (chest discomfort);
- cirrhosis or another type of liver disease;
- kidney disease;
- heart disease or a history of heart attacks; high blood pressure, heart disease, or a history of heart attacks
- a history of psychosis or mental disease; or
- There is a history of drinking or drug addiction in your family.
Do not consume alcohol while using this drug as modafinil and alcohol interaction can be harmful. Alcohol should not be interacted with Modafinil as a rule. More study is needed to validate the effects of mixing these two drugs. However, Modafinil and alcohol interactions have been documented to produce blackouts in some healthy people using it for cognitive enhancement. Others have a higher alcohol tolerance and have a harder time becoming intoxicated while drinking more than usual.
It’s unclear if this medication may harm an unborn child. Whether you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant, consult your physician.
Modafinil can reduce the effectiveness of several birth control methods. Hormonal contraception (birth control pills, injections, implants, skin patches, and vaginal rings) may not be sufficient to prevent conception while you are undergoing therapy. Consult your doctor about the best birth control options to use while on modafinil.
It’s unclear if modafinil goes into breast milk or whether it might affect a breastfeeding child. Notify your doctor if you’re breastfeeding a child.
Modafinil is not recommended for anybody under the age of 17.
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